Free Access
Issue
Nat. Sci. Soc.
Volume 22, Number 1, janvier-mars 2014
Page(s) 3 - 14
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/nss/2014016
Published online 07 April 2014
  • [n.s.], 2009. Common implementation strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance document No. 24, River basin management in a changing climate, European communities (online : http://www.sednet.org/download/directive_climate_adaptation_management_climate.pdf). [Google Scholar]
  • Anderson, T., Leal, L., 1991. Free Market Environmentalism, Boulder (CO), Westview Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Balée, W., 1998. Advances in Historical Ecology, New York, Columbia University Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Bezes, P., 2005. Le renouveau du contrôle des bureaucraties : l’impact du New Public Management, Informations Sociales, 126, 26-37. [Google Scholar]
  • Borja, A., Rodríguez, J.G., 2010. Problems associated with the “one-out, all-out” principle, when using multiple ecosystem components in assessing the ecological status of marine waters, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60, 8, 1143-1146. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bouleau, G., 2006. Le débat sur la qualité de l’eau : comment des données peuvent devenir des indicateurs ?, Ingénieries EAT, 47, 29-36. [Google Scholar]
  • Bouleau, G., 2007. La gestion française des rivières et ses indicateurs à l'épreuve de la directive cadre. Thèse de doctorat, AgroParisTech, Engref, Paris. [Google Scholar]
  • Bouleau, G., Argillier, C., Souchon, Y., Barthélémy, C., Babut, M., 2009. How ecological indicators construction reveals social changes: The case of lakes and rivers in France, Ecological Indicators, 9, 6, 1198-1205. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bruno, I., Jacquot, S., Mandin, L., 2006. Europeanization through its instrumentation: Benchmarking, mainstreaming and the open method of co-ordination… Toolbox or Pandora’s box?, Journal of European Public Policy, 13, 4, 519-536. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet] [Google Scholar]
  • Buisson, L., Grenouillet, G., 2009. Contrasted impacts of climate change on stream fish assemblages along an environmental gradient, Diversity and Distributions, 15, 4, 613-626. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cini, M., 1996. La Commission européenne : lieu d’émergence de cultures administratives. L’exemple de la DG IV et de la DG XI, Revue Française de Science Politique, 46, 3, 457-473. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Clements, F.E., 1905. Research Methods in Ecology, Lincoln (NE), University Printing. [Google Scholar]
  • Clements, F.E., 1936. Nature and structure of the climax, Journal of Ecology, 24, 1, 252-284. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet] [Google Scholar]
  • Collins, K., Earnshaw, D., 1992. The implementation and enforcement of European community environment legislation, Environmental Politics, 1, 4, 213-249. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Commission of the European Communities, 1994. Proposal for a Council Directive on the ecological quality of water. COM (93), 94/0152 SYN, Brussels (online : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:1994:222:FULL:EN:PDF). [Google Scholar]
  • Davies, S.P., Jackson, S.K., 2006. The biological condition gradient: A descriptive model for interpreting change in aquatic ecosystems, Ecological Applications, 16, 4, 1251-1266. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dehousse, R., 2004. La méthode ouverte de coordination : quand l’instrument tient lieu de politique, in Lascoumes, P., Galès, P.L. (Eds), Gouverner par les instruments, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 331-356. [Google Scholar]
  • Depraz, S., 2007. Campagnes et naturalité : la redéfinition d’un rapport à la nature dans les espaces ruraux des nouveaux Länder allemands, Revue d’Études Comparatives Est-Ouest, 38, 3, 35-152. [Google Scholar]
  • Douglas, M., 1999. Comment pensent les institutions, Paris, La découverte, Mauss. [Google Scholar]
  • Dufour, S., Piégay, H., 2009. From the myth of a lost paradise to targeted river restoration: Forget natural references and focus on human benefits, River Research and Applications, 25, 5, 568-581. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • EEA, 1995. Inland Waters - Europe's Environment: The Dobris Assessment 1994 (chapter 5), European Environmental Agency (online: http://www.aughty.org/pdf/dobris.pdf). [Google Scholar]
  • Egan, D., Howell, E.A., 2001. The Historical Ecology Handbook: A Restorationist’s Guide on Reference Ecosystems, Washington, Island Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Elton, C., 1930. Animal Ecology and Evolution, Oxford (UK), Clarendon Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Fernandez, S., Bouleau, G., Treyer, S., 2011. Reconsidérer la prospective sur l’eau en Europe dans ses dimensions politiques, Développement Durable et Territoires, 2, 3. [Google Scholar]
  • Fischer-Kowalski, M., 1997. On the development of concept and methodology of society’s metabolism, Abteilung Soziale Ökologie (version anglaise), 57, Interuniversitäres Institut für interdisziplinäre Forschung und Fortbildung. [Google Scholar]
  • Friberg, N., Bonada, N., Bradley, D.C., Dunbar, M.J., Edwards, F.K., Grey, J., Hayes, R.B., Hildrew, A.G., Lamouroux, N., Trimmer, M., Woodward, G., 2011. Biomonitoring of human impacts in freshwater ecosystems: The good, the bad, and the ugly, Advances in Ecological Research, 44, 1-68. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gunderson, L.H., Holling, C.S., 2002. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems, Washington, Island Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Henri, C.P., Amoros, C., 1995. Restoration ecology of riverine wetlands: I. A scientific base, Environmental Management, 19, 891-902. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hering, D., Borja, A., Carstensen, J., Carvalho, L., Elliott, M., Feld, C.K., Heiskanen, A.-S., Johnson, R.K., Moe, J., Pont, D., Lyche Solheim, A., van de Bund, W., 2010. The European Water Framework Directive at the age of 10: A critical review of the achievements with recommendations for the future, Science of the Total Environment, 408, 19, 4007-4019. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Holling, C., 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 4, 1-23. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hughes, F.M.R., Colston, A., Mountford, J.O., 2005. Restoring riparian ecosystems: The challenge of accommodating variability and designing restoration trajectories, Ecology and Society, 10, 1, 12. [Google Scholar]
  • Hughes, R.M., Larsen, D.P., 1988. Ecoregions : An approach to surface water protection, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 60, 486-493. [Google Scholar]
  • Jungwirth, M., Muha, S., Schmutz, S. (Eds), 2000. Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Running Waters. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Vienna, Austria, 9-11 November 1998 (reprinted from Hydrobiologia, 422-423), Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Press. [Google Scholar]
  • Kaika, M., Page, B., 2003. The EU Water Framework Directive: European policy making and the changing topography of lobbying (part 1), European Environment, 13, 6, 314-327. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Karr, J.R., 1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities, Fisheries, 6, 6, 21-27. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kern, K., 1992. Rehabilitation of streams in South-West Germany, in Boon, P.J., Calow, P., Petts, G.E. (Eds), River Conservation and Management, Chichester (UK), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 321-336. [Google Scholar]
  • Lapierre, J.-W., 1992. L'Analyse des systèmes : l'application aux sciences sociales, Paris, Syros. [Google Scholar]
  • Launois, L., Veslot, J., Irz, P., Argillier, C., 2011. Selecting fish-based metrics responding to human pressures in French natural lakes and reservoirs: Towards the development of a fish-based index (FBI) for French lakes, Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 20, 1, 120-132. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Le Floch, S., 2005. La « fermeture du paysage » : au-delà du phénomène, petite chronique d’une construction sociale, L'Espace Géographique, 34, 1, 49-64. [Google Scholar]
  • Lévêque, C., van der Leeuw, S. (Eds), 2003. Quelle nature voulons-nous ? Pour une approche socio-écologique du champ de l'environnement, Paris, Elsevier. [Google Scholar]
  • Loupsans, D., Gramaglia, C., 2011. L’expertise sous tensions : cultures épistémiques et politiques à l’épreuve de l’écriture de la directive cadre européenne sur l’eau, L'Europe en Formation, Centre international de formation européenne, 3, 361, 87-114. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Majone, G., 1996. La Communauté européenne : un État régulateur, Paris, Montchrestien. [Google Scholar]
  • Marzin, A., Archaimbault, V., Belliard, J., Chauvin, C., Delmas, F., Pont, D., 2012. Ecological assessment of running waters: Do macrophytes, macroinvertebrates, diatoms and fish show similar responses to human pressures?, Ecological Indicators, 23, 56-65. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mondy, C.P., Villeneuve, B., Archaimbault, V., Usseglio-Polatera, P., 2012. A new macroinvertebrate-based multimetric index (I2M2) to evaluate ecological quality of French wadeable streams fulfilling the WFD demands: A taxonomical and trait approach, Ecological Indicators, 18, 452-467. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Moss, B., 2008. The Water Framework Directive: Total environment or political compromise ?, Science of the Total Environment, 400, 1-3, 32-41. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Newman, P.J., Piavaux, M.A., Sweeting, R.A. (Eds), 1992. River water quality ecological assessment and control. Proceedings of the International Conference on River Quality - Ecological Assessment and Control, Brussels, 16 december 1991, Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg, No.14606. [Google Scholar]
  • Nilsson, C., Jansson, R., Malmqvist, B., Naiman, R.J., 2007. Restoring riverine landscapes: The challenge of identifying priorities, reference states, and techniques, Ecology and Society, 12, 1 (online : http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art16/). [Google Scholar]
  • O’Neill, R.V., 2001. Is it time to bury the ecosystem concept? (with full military honors, of course!), Ecology, 82, 12, 3275-3284. [Google Scholar]
  • OCDE, 1994. Indicateurs d'environnement : Corps central de l'OCDE, Paris, OCDE. [Google Scholar]
  • OCDE, 1995. La gestion publique en mutation : les réformes dans les pays de l'OCDE, Paris, OCDE. [Google Scholar]
  • Odum, E.P., 1953. Fundamentals of Ecology, Philadelphia (PA), W. B. Saunders. [Google Scholar]
  • OECD, 1993. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) core set of indicators for environmental performance reviews, Paris, OECD Environment Monographs No. 83. [Google Scholar]
  • Omernik, J.M., 1987. Ecoregions of the Conterminous United States, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77, 1, 118-125. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Perrin, B., 2006. Moving from Outputs to Outcomes: Practical Advice from Governments Around the World, Washington, World Bank, IBM Center for the Business of Government. [Google Scholar]
  • Pimm, S.L., 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems, Nature, 307, 321-326. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pont, D. (Ed.), 2006. Conséquences du changement global sur la distribution et la démographie du Chabot (Cottus gobio) : une approche intégrative, Paris, Institut français de la biodiversité, MEDD-GICC. [Google Scholar]
  • Pont, D. (Ed.), 2011. Water Framework Directive. Intercalibration Phase 2: River Fish European Intercalibration Group. Final Report to ECOSTAT, European Commission Directorate General Joint Research Centre. [Google Scholar]
  • Pont, D., Hugueny, B., Beier, U., Goffaux, D., Melcher, A., Noble, R., Rogers, C., Roset, N., Schmutz, S., 2006. Assessing river biotic condition at the continental scale: A European approach using functional metrics and fish assemblages, Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 70-80. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pont, D., Hugueny, B., Rogers, C., 2007. Development of a fish-based index for the assessment of “river health” in Europe: The European Fish Index (EFI), Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14, 427-439. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pont, D., Piégay, H., Farinetti, A., Allain, S., Landon, N., Liébault, F., Dumont, B., Richard-Mazet, A., 2009. Conceptual framework and interdisciplinary approach for the sustainable management of gravel-bed rivers: The case of the Drôme River basin (S.E. France), Aquatic Ecology, 71, 356-370. [Google Scholar]
  • Richardson, J., 1994. EU water policy: Uncertain agendas, shifting networks and complex coalitions, Environmental Politics, 3, 4, 139-167. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Salais, R., 2004. La politique des indicateurs : du taux de chômage au taux d’emploi dans la stratégie européenne pour l’emploi (SEE), in Zimmermann, B. (Ed.), Action publique et sciences sociales, Paris, Maison des sciences de l’homme. [Google Scholar]
  • Scheffer, M., Carpenter, S., Foley, J.A., Folke, C., Walker, B., 2001. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems, Nature, 413, 11, 591-596. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schmutz, S., Kaufmann, M., Vogel, B., Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S., 2000. A multi-level concept for fish-based, river-type-specific assessment of ecological integrity, in Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S., Schmutz, S. (Eds), Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Running Waters, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 279-289. [Google Scholar]
  • Steyaert, P., Ollivier, G., 2007. The European Water Framework Directive: How ecological assumptions frame technical and social change, Ecology and Society, 12, 1, 25 (online : http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art25/). [Google Scholar]
  • Stoddard, J.L., Larsen, D.P., Hawkins, C.P., Johnson, R.K., Norris, R.H., 2006. Setting expectations for the ecological condition of streams: The concept of reference condition, Ecological Applications, 16, 4, 1267-1276. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Suding, K.N., Gross, K.L., Houseman, G.R., 2004. Alternative states and positive feedbacks in restoration ecology, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 1, 46-53. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Swetnam, T.W., Allen, C.D., Betancourt, J.L., 1999. Applied historical ecology: Using the past to manage the future, Ecological Applications, 9, 4, 1189-1206. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tansley, A.G., 1935. The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms, Ecology, 16, 3, 284-307. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • U.S. House of Representatives, 1972. Report of the Committee on Public Works, United States House of Representatives, with additional and supplemental views. H.R. 11896 to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 92nd Congress, 2nd session, House Report 92-911, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. [Google Scholar]
  • Van de Bund, W., Caroni, R., 2012. Combination of Biological Quality Elements towards complete water body assessment. Oral communication, WISER Final Conference “Current Questions in Water Management”, Tallinn, Estonia, 25-26 January. [Google Scholar]
  • Wallin, M., Wiederholm, T., Johnson, R.K., 2003. Final guidance on establishing reference conditions and ecological status class boundaries for inland surface waters EU Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) for the Water Framework Directive, CIS Working Group 2.3, REFCOND (online : http://www.minenv.gr/pinios/00/odhgia/7th_draft_refcond_final.pdf). [Google Scholar]
  • Whittaker, R.H., 1975. Communities and Ecosystems, New York, Macmillan Publishing Co. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.